When the optic nerves of the eyes get damaged progressively over time, due to pressure on the eyes, the condition is known as glaucoma. These nerves transmit images to the brain. While this condition does not have any obvious symptoms in its early stages, pain and pressure become more apparent later.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA DIAGNOSED?
In order to diagnose the condition, an ophthalmology specialist will examine your eyes by dilating the pupils. The eye exam will focus on the optic nerve. The doctor will also perform a process known as tonometry to check the eye pressure along with a visual field test.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA TREATED?
Immediate treatment for early-stage, open-angle glaucoma can delay progression of the disease. Glaucoma treatments include medicines, eye drops, laser trabeculoplasty, conventional surgery, or a combination of any of these. While these treatments may save remaining vision, they do not improve sight already lost from glaucoma.
DID YOU KNOW?
If you are over 40 years of age and have a family history of glaucoma, it is important that you have a regular complete eye examination every one or two years. People who have diabetes are at an increased risk and may need an eye check-up more frequently.