Oculoplastic Surgery, also known as Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Oculofacial or Eye Plastic Surgery, is a surgical specialty of Ophthalmology that deals with the medical and surgical management of irregularities and abnormalities of the eyelids, lacrimal (tear) system, orbit (bony socket) and the adjacent face. An oculoplastic surgeon is an ophthalmologist (medical doctor and eye surgeon) who has completed additional advanced training in plastic surgery, as it relates to the eyes and surrounding structures. Oculoplastic surgery is a plastic surgery as it restricts to the area around the eye. The eyelids and surrounding areas are extremely complex and sensitive structures that are important to the preservation of sight and are important features of a normal facial appearance. Since surgery in this area can affect one's ability to see, oculoplastic surgeons are uniquely qualified to perform this delicate surgery and to provide adequate care.
Types of Oculoplastic Surgeries
EYELID SURGERY- The most common type of eyelid surgery is done through incisions, following the natural lines of your eyelids. The procedure takes about two hours if both upper and lower eyelids are done together.
TEAR DUCT SURGERY- The surgeon will make a small incision through the nose or through the skin on the inside corner of your eye and your nose. A new tear drain opening is made from the blocked sac directly into the nose.
ORBITAL SURGERY- Before the surgery, the patient has to undergo CT scan of the eyes and then the surgeon performs fine needle aspiration.
PEDIATRIC OCULOPLASTIC SURGERY-Two common conditions in children that can be corrected by oculoplastic surgery are congenital ptosis and congenital tear duct obstruction. A local anesthesia is required in this case.
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