As the name suggests, Testicular Cancer happens in the testicles and remains to be one of the leading forms of cancer in men, which is usually fatal. The symptoms start off rather mild like trouble when urinating or even pain in the testicles. This could lead to tenderness, lump like growth in the area, oozing of pus, weight loss and acute pain in the region to.
HOW IS TESTICULAR CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Men discover testicular cancer themselves, either unintentionally or while doing a testicular self-examination to check for lumps.Doctor may detect a lump during a routine physical exam and may recommend Ultrasound, Blood tests.
HOW IS TESTICULAR CANCER TREATED?
Three types of treatment can be used.
• Surgical treatment removes the testicle (orchiectomy) and may also remove nearby lymph nodes (lymphadenectomy). This is usually performed in the case of both seminoma and nonseminomas.
• Radiation therapy using high-dose x-rays or other high-energy rays may be used after surgery to prevent the tumor from returning. Radiation therapy is usually only used for treating seminomas.
• Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. This treatment has greatly improved survival for patients with both seminomas and nonseminomas.
DID YOU KNOW?
If the cancer has not spread outside the testicle, the 5-year survival is 99% while if it has grown into nearby structures or has spread to nearby lymph nodes, the rate is 96% and if it has spread to organs or lymph nodes away from the testicles, the 5-year survival is around 74%.Even for the relatively few cases in which cancer has spread widely, chemotherapy offers a cure rate of at least 80%.