It is a birth defect in which on or more of the joints between the bones of your baby's skull close prematurely, before your baby's brain is fully formed. Children born with Craniosynostosis have a distinct appearance, otherwise known as the phenotype. The feature of the phenotype is determined by which particular suture is closed. The fusion of this suture causes a certain change in the shape of the skull; a deformity of the skull. The signs include: 1. A misshapen skull, with the shape of depending on which of the cranial sutures is affected 2. An abnormal feeling or disappearing ""soft spot"" on your baby's skull 3. Slow or no growth of the head as your baby grows 4. Development of a raised, hard ridge along affected sutures 5. Increased pressure within the skull (Intracranial pressure)
HOW IS CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done by the Orthopaedic specialist or a paediatrician who will conduct genetic testing with a blood sample, and a physical examination for the same. Also, imaging tests like CT scans and MRI scans will be carried out to show any fused sutures.
HOW IS CRANIOSYNOSTOSIS TREATED?
The primary treatment for Craniosynostosis is surgery. The aim of the surgery would be to remove the pressure on the brain and create space for the brain to grow naturally and normally and improve the appearance of the child. The other option is endoscopic surgery which is recommended in certain severe cases. In mild cases that involve only one suture and do not have symptoms of any underlying syndrome may not require any treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
In cases when it is left untreated the increase in the pressure can lead to blindness, seizures, brain damage and death in rare cases. Apart from Craniosynostosis, other conditions also may accompany such syndromes that include hand and foot deformities, dental abnormalities, and heart problems.