Cervical cancer is increasingly becoming a common type of cancers in women. Cervix is the lowest part of the uterus and can get infected when there is an abnormal growth of cells. The condition is caused by a virus known as the human papillomavirus (HPV). You can get the HPV by sexual contact. The most common symptom of cervical cancer is abnormal bleeding from the vagina, in between periods, after sex or after menopause. There can be pain in the lower abdominal area, pain during sex or there can also be abnormal vaginal discharge.
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of cervical cancer is done during regular pelvic screening through Pap test. Oncologists may order for X-ray, CT scan, MRI or PET scan for determining the stage of cervical cancer.
HOW IS CERVICAL CANCER TREATED?
The treatment includes surgery during which the Oncologist will remove the pelvic lymph nodes. Also, a hysterectomy may be conducted. Further, radiation therapy and chemotherapy may also be required for malignant cases or depending on the extent of the growth.
DID YOU KNOW?
A pap smear must be conducted regularly even before symptoms of cervical cancer show up.