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A medical condition, often inherited, that occurs at/ or before birth. The most common birth defects are: 1. Congenital Heart disease 2. Clubfoot 3. Cleft lip or palate 4.Spina Bifida 5. Missing or undeveloped Limbs 6. Sickle cell disease 7. PKU 8.Down syndrome 9.Fragile X syndrome
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS DIAGNOSED?
Usually, a prenatal ultrasound will help in effectively pointing out any anomalies or birth defects that the baby may be suffering from. Also, more detailed screening as well as lab tests including blood tests can help in diagnosis of any birth defects. Prenatal tests that examine the hearing and other faculties can also help in diagnosis.
HOW IS BIRTH DEFECTS TREATED?
The treatment options vary depending on the condition and level of severity. Some birth defects can be corrected before or shortly after birth. Other defects may remain for lifetime. Severe birth defects, such as cerebral palsy or spina bifida, can cause long-term disability or death. Medicines and surgeries are other ways of treatment for birth defects.
DID YOU KNOW?
Many birth defects cannot be prevented, but, there are some ways to lower the risk of having a baby with a birth defect. Supplements taken during and before pregnancy may be recommended by the medical practitioner.