Diabetes is a lifelong disease that alters the way our bodies handle glucose in the blood. The medical term for the disease is diabetes mellitus. The sugar levels in blood are high due to diabetes. Type I diabetes occurs when body does not produce insulin, while Type II occurs when there is not adequate insulin. Gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Symptoms are:
• Frequent urination
• Intense thirst and hunger
• Weight gain
• Unusual weight loss
• Wounds that do not heal
• Male dysfunction
• Numbness and tingling in hands and feet
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
Diabetes can often be detected by carrying out a urine test, which finds out whether excess glucose is present. This is normally backed up by a blood test, which measures blood glucose levels and can confirm if the cause of your symptoms is diabetes. A general physician usually diagnoses and treats diabetes
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
Type I diabetes has no cure. Type II diabetes can be medically managed, some people manage without medicines by making lifestyle changes and through exercises. Oral medication can help maintain blood sugar levels.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are three types of diabetes – type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and gestational diabetes. In type 1 diabetes, body does not produce insulin. In type 2 diabetes, body does not produce enough insulin and gestational diabetes occurs during pregnancy. Type 2 diabetes is most common, 90% of the cases.
The three main types of diabetes are type 1, type 2 and gestational diabetes. People can develop diabetes at any age. Both women & men can develop diabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes, also known as juvenile diabetes, develops mostly in young age people, however, type 1 diabetes can also occur in adults. In the type 1 diabetes, your body no longer develops insulin or enough insulin because of the body’s immune system, which protects you from infection by getting rid of virus, bacteria & other harmful substances has attacked & destroyed the cells that make insulin.
Type 1 diabetes treatment includes:
• Taking injections of insulin
• Sometimes taking medicines
• Healthy food choices
• Being physically active
• Controlling blood pressure & cholesterol levels
Type 2 diabetes
Type 2 diabetes, also called as adult-onset diabetes. It can affect people at any age, even children. However, the type 2 diabetes develops mostly in middle aged and older age people. People who are overweight & inactive are also more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes treatment includes:
• Use diabetes medicines
• Healthy food choices
• Physically active
• Controlling blood pressure & cholesterol level
Gestational diabetes can develop when a woman is pregnant. Pregnant lady have hormones that can lead to insulin resistance. If the pancreas doesn't make enough insulin during the pregnancy, a woman develops gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes most often goes after the baby is born. However, a woman who had the gestational diabetes been more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Diabetes Mellitus, can lead to serious problems with your blood vessels, nerves, heart, mouth, kidneys, eyes & feet. All these problems can lead to an assumption, which is surgery to remove a damaged part or toe or foot, for example.
One of the most serious problems caused by Diabetes Mellitus is the heart disease. When you have diabetes mellitus, you are more than twice as likely people as people without diabetes mellitus or diabetes to have heart attack.
Blood tests can show if you have diabetes mellitus. Exercise, weight control & sticking to healthy meals can also help you to control your diabetes and you should also monitor your blood sugar level and also take regular medicines if prescribed.
It’s a disease with a course that can be predicted and given due medical attention to and even treated if you listen to your doctor. Lybrate offers you the best medical practitioners in Visakhapatnam, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Mumbai. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about diabetes and its associated conditions.
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