The word Testicular Cancer is used for defining the malignancy or form of cancer that happens in the testicles. For men, it is one of the leading forms of cancer and if untreated, it is usually fatal. The symptoms for testicular cancer include initial mild problems like trouble when urinating or even pain in the testicles. As time passes, this further leads to tenderness, lump like growth in the area, oozing of pus, weight loss and acute pain in the region to.
HOW IS TESTICULAR CANCER DIAGNOSED?
A physical examination typically reveals a firm lump (mass) in one of the testicles. When the health care provider holds a flashlight up to the scrotum, the light does not pass through the lump. Other tests include:
• Abdominal and pelvic CT scan
• Blood tests for tumor markers: alpha fetoprotein (AFP), human chorionic gonadotrophin (beta HCG), and lactic dehydrogenase (LDH)
• Chest x-ray
• Ultrasound of the scrotum
HOW IS TESTICULAR CANCER TREATED?
Treatment includes surgical removal of either one or both of the testicles depending on how far it has spread. Post this, the patient would also be given therapy like radiation and chemotherapy to help control and prevent release of the disease.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though chances of recovery are high, these patients would need counselling and may require fertility intervention to due to lack of sexual desire or libido.