The term ‘Shin Splints’ describes pain felt along the inner edge of the shin bone. Shin Splint pain concentrates in the lower leg between the knee and ankle. Shin Splints frequently affect people who engage in moderate to heavy physical activities. The pain associated with Shin Splints results from excessive amounts of force on the shin bone and the tissues attaching the shin bone to the muscles surrounding it. People with Shin Splints will experience some of the following symptoms such as dull ache in the front part of the lower leg, pain on either side of the shin bone, muscle pain, swelling in the lower leg, and numbness in the feet, among others.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS DIAGNOSED?
A general physician will diagnose the condition based on a physical examination and your medical history. X-rays and other imaging tests may be required to rule out other causes of pain.
HOW IS SHIN SPLINTS TREATED?
Simple self-care steps can help in avoiding Shin Splints. Physiotherapist may suggest mild exercises for relieving pain. Resting the feet and applying ice over the area also helps relieve pain. Over the counter painkillers may be used for pain relief.
DID YOU KNOW?
Only in cases of severe stress fracture, surgery is recommended.
Shin splints essentially require one to take a break from certain physical activities and give legs time to rest. The discomfort resolves completely in a couple of hours or at the most in a couple of days with rest and limited activity. During this time, one can engage in activities like swimming or walking, which are less likely to cause harm to the legs and provides the much-needed relief. Use of ice-packs for half an hour in every four hours for two to three days, reduces swelling and provides immediate relief. Shin Splints treatment includes keeping one's leg elevated for a considerable amount of time, wearing of elastic compression bandages and taking over-the-counter medication. Shin muscle pain also occurs when excessive pressure builds within a muscle compartment and surgery to open the thick tissue surrounding muscle groups may be required. Shin Splints are common injury-affecting athletes engaged in running sports or other forms of physical activity and is characterized by general pain in the lower region of the leg between the knee and the ankle. In addition to the complete rest, one is recommended cortisone injections as well as supplements of calcium and vitamin D. In extremely rare cases, surgery might be required if a muscle tears away from the shinbone. Shin splints are not as complicated than they might look at first glance. However, correct diagnosis and the right treatment can make all the difference.