Brain injury is an injury occurring to the brain of any living organism. Brain injuries can be traumatic or diffuse axonal injury. A traumatic brain injury causes dysfunction of the brain, while a diffuse axonal injury is caused when the unmoving brain lags behind skull movement. Common symptoms are:
• Loss of consciousness for a few seconds to minutes
• Vomiting or nausea
• Sleeping more than usual
• Loss of balance
Other sensory and cognitive symptoms may also be present
HOW IS BRAIN INJURY DIAGNOSED?
It's called the “invisible injury” for a reason: brain injury is notoriously difficult to diagnose and treat. The diagnosis of brain injury involves (CAT scans) looking for signs of brain injury, either through scanning devices like computer assisted tomography (CAT scans), magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs), and X-rays, or through screening tools to measure areas of a person's speech, movement, memory, and thought. The people most qualified to diagnose a brain injury are emergency room doctors, neurologists, and neuropsychologists.
HOW IS BRAIN INJURY TREATED?
Brain injury treatment is a complex field of medical rehabilitation. In cases of severe injury treatment can involve the combined efforts of neurologists, psychiatrists, physiatrists, an array of rehabilitation therapists, case managers, and social workers, along with a person's network of friends and family. For mild brain injuries, treatment often involves resting the body and the brain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Rest and counseling helps recover brain injury faster.