The term Microtia is used for defining a deformity of the ear where the external ear, which is referred to as the pinna, tends to be underdeveloped. It can affect only one or both sides. The easiest way to see this would be the deformity in the ear or not a fully formed ear. In some cases, the ears have kind of a folded shape too and is usually not extended outwards.
HOW IS MICROTIA DIAGNOSED?
If a child is born with microtia, there should be an early evaluation of the ear’s organ systems and the child’s hearing. An audiogram should be performed within the first few months of life. A radiologist will evaluate the middle ear structures and ear canal using a CT scan.
HOW IS MICROTIA TREATED?
Reconstructive surgery is the only right option that will improve the child’s hearing as well as provide him or her with self-esteem.
DID YOU KNOW?
Microtia is usually isolated, but may occur in conjunction with hemifacial microsomia, Goldenhar Syndrome Treacher-Collins Syndrome. It is also occasionally associated with kidney abnormalities, and jaw problems, and more rarely, heart defects and vertebral deformities.