Cramping is defined as an acute or sharp pain in the muscles, which usually happens in the abdomen region, legs or other parts of the body. Sharp and shooting pain along with evident trouble zones is the easiest way to understanding cramping. Sometimes, the cause can be internal while other times excessive sports or injuries may lead to cramping.
HOW IS CRAMPING DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will perform a thorough physical examination to diagnose the problem. The affected area will be associated with soreness and swelling, which can occasionally persist up to several days after the cramp has subsided. At the time of cramping, the knotted muscle will bulge, feel very firm, and may be tender.
HOW IS CRAMPING TREATED?
Prevention of muscle cramps can be done by staying hydrated and paying attention to safety while exercising. Treatment of cramping involves gentle massaging in the area where cramping has occurred. Simple stretching exercises may help relieve cramping. Muscle relaxants may be given for pain relief in case of severe cramping. Cramps due to specific medical conditions may require treatment from specialists like neurologists, endocrinologists, cardiologists, and physiotherapists
DID YOU KNOW?
Severe cramping during pregnancy can be signs of underlying problems e.g. constipation and urinary tract infection. It can also be signs of miscarriage or ectopic pregnancy which would require immediate medical attention.