Ear pain or discomfort can occur on the outer or inner ear. A ear injury or inflammation can cause ear pain. The most common cause of ear pain is ear infection that can occur in the middle ear or in the ear canal.
HOW IS EAR PAIN DIAGNOSED?
An ear nose throat (ENT) specialist may perform a thorough examination of the ear using an otoscope. He or she may look for inflammation or swelling of ear drum. Other symptoms and causes also may be looked into.
HOW IS EAR PAIN TREATED?
Treatment of ear pain depends on the underlying cause. If it is due to cold, then treatment for cold ought to reduce the pain. If it is due to an ear infection, then an antibiotic dosage may be prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are many home remedies for treating ear pain in infants
Mostly caused by a bacterial or viral infection, eye infection generally affects the middle ear and behind the eardrum which contains the small vibrating ear bones. Ear pain in kids is more common than adults. Ear infection pains are painful and can be acute or chronic. Serious ear infections can cause permanent damage to your ear.
What causes ear infection?
Eustachian tubes are tiny tubes which runs from the ear to the end of the throat. Ear infections occur when any of the Eustachian tubes in the ear gets blocked or swollen and fluids accumulate in the middle ear. Eustachian tubes can get blocked due to the following reasons:
• Sinus infection
• Tobacco smoking
• Excess mucus
As kids has smaller and narrower Eustachian tubes, they are more likely to get affected. Altitude change, climate change, excessive exposure to cigarette smoke and pacifier use are certain risk factors of ear infections.
Ear infection varies in children and adults. Certain ear infection symptoms are:
• Ear pain while lying down
• Difficulty in sleeping
• Crying more than usual
• Difficulty in hearing and responding
• Loss of balance
• Ear pain
• Drainage of fluid from the ear
• Reduced hearing
An instrument called otoscope, having a magnifying lens, helps to detect ear pain. The tests provide information about-
• Fluid draining from the middle ear
• Redness in the middle ear
• Perforation in the eardrum
• A bulging eardrum
Tympanometry, acoustic reflectometry, tympanocentesis and few other tests reveal if you have ear infections.
Ear infection treatment include the following steps:
1. A warm cloth can be applied to the affected area
2. Over the counter pain medicines like ibuprofen and acetaminophen
3. Over the counter ear drops helps in relieving the pain
If the condition worsens an appointment with the doctor is advisable.
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