Commonly known as a heart attack, this disease occurs when blood flow stops to a particular part of the heart disabling the heart muscle. The common symptoms are pain in the chest, where the discomfort travels to the shoulders, arm, back and jaw. Patient experiences shortness of breath, nausea, fatigue, and heartburn, and cold sweat.
HOW IS ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by monitoring heartbeat, to check for irregularities in beat rate. Blood pressure is also measured. An electrocardiogram is performed to measure the electrical activity of the heart. Other diagnostic methods are stress tests, angiogram and echocardiogram
HOW IS ACUTE MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION TREATED?
A heart attack demands immediate treatment which is majorly in the emergency room. The various treatments done are: • Angioplasty • Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) • Various medications: Aspirin, Thrombolytics, Clopidogrel, Nitroglycerin, pain relievers, etc.
DID YOU KNOW?
A heart attack may not have obvious symptoms in many cases. However whenever it occurs it is imperative to call the ambulance immediately as it could lead to sudden death. Many heart attacks occur while in sleep and they could lead to death as well.