Infection is the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in the body tissues due to competitive metabolism, toxins and anti-body response. Infections that are found deeper can be severe and can progress rapidly and can also endanger life. Initially infection may be mildly symptomatic or asymptomatic. If the infection runs deep in neck spaces there are modern diagnostic tools like the CT and MRI along with modern antibiotics, which may be prescribed to treat the infection. Infections deep in the neck are complex and hard to detect as they are covered with soft tissue. It is also difficult to visualize externally. There are networks of structures that can lead to the inflammatory process. Neural dysfunction, vascular erosion or thrombosis is a few of the conditions surrounding the nerves vessels, bones and soft tissues. The overall frequency of these infections cannot be predicted but it is likely to be more in areas where medical facilities are minimal. Treatment begins with doses of antibiotics failing which surgery is resorted to. The doctor will treat the infection with medication initially. In case of swelling that does not come down with medication, the doctor might suggest a biopsy to get an idea of the swelling. Once the reasons for swelling are diagnosed antibiotics may be given to cure the infection. It is important to consult with an experienced head and neck specialist for these infections to get the right treatment.
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