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Heart diseases also called as cardiovascular diseases include a wide spectrum of conditions which affect your heart. The diseases include blood vessel diseases, heart attack, rhythm problems, and angina. Heart diseases are currently the most common cause of death worldwide.
There are a large number of risk factors which predispose you to increased risk of heart diseases. Some of those risk factors cannot be modified (non-modifiable) and are not under our control while there are others that you can modify (modifiable) to prevent heart diseases.
While you cannot do much about non-modifiable risk factors (like age and family history) you can reduce your chances of heart disease by working on the modifiable risk factors. This include:
Smokers have more than twice the risk of heart attack as compared to nonsmokers. In fact, even nonsmokers who are exposed to constant smoke (such as living with a spouse who smokes) also have an increased risk.
What you can do: Quit smoking or never start smoking at all. If you find it hard to quit on your own, consult an expert who can walk you through the entire process.
2. Obesity and physical inactivity
You are at increased risk of heart disease if your body weight is more than 20% of the ideal weight or if you are fat and obese. The most common reason for this is physical inactivity or sedentary lifestyle.
What you can do: start exercising regularly. You should exercise for 30-45 minutes for at least 5 days/week. Even leisure activities like walking or gardening can lower the risk. You can also set a pedometer goal of 10, 000 steps a day.
3. Unhealthy diet
Taking a diet rich in saturated fats, salt, and refined sugars can significantly increase the risk of heart diseases.
Things you can do: Include a lot of fruits, vegetables, nuts, whole grains in your diet. Avoid taking fried food which is rich in saturated fats.
4. High blood pressure
Hypertension or high blood pressure is one of the most common heart diseases risk factor in the western countries and adequate measures should be taken to keep it under control.
What you can do: you should keep the blood pressure under control through diet, exercise, and medications.
Diabetes itself can cause significant damage to the heart and along with other risk factors, it can have a synergistic effect.
What you can do: keep your diabetes under control by making some lifestyle changes like healthy diet, exercise, taking medicines as prescribed by your doctor and going for routine blood tests and health check-ups.
6. High cholesterol
The risk of heart disease increases as the total amount of fat or lipids in your blood increases.
What you can do: have a diet low in fat and rich in fruits and vegetables. Start exercising regularly. Get a lipid profile test done regularly to know your lipid status. Consult a doctor if the levels are too high for lipid lowering drugs.
People who take are prone to getting stressed easily and who cannot manage their stress effectively are at much higher risk.
What you can do: de-stress yourself by indulging in hobbies or activities which you like. Try yoga or meditation or join a club or class for the company.
It is not necessary that if you have these risk factors, you will definitely develop cardiovascular disease. But, the more risk factors you have, the greater is the likelihood that you might develop these diseases. Therefore, it is important that you adopt a healthy lifestyle and take appropriate preventive measures.
Am 16 years old and I have my right foot swollen and I do not feel any pain. When am in school or when I do some work（house chores etc.）the foot swells up more but when I play football or swim the swelling tends to reduce to the size of my normal leg and later swells back and when I sleep reduces back. Pls doctors I need your help.
I suffered muscle cramp on the back hip. I am under medication by an ortho. Tell me a quick relief natural way from pain.
I am 23 year old male. There is any possibility to completely vanishing the problem of premature ejaculation. I have habit of masturbation from 7 years. And now I am suffering with a problem of premature ejaculation. So what should I do for it.
I m suffering from fever from thursday along with cold and sunday night I got fainted at the chemist shop and was unconscious for about 2 minutes which I know as I was unconscious I can't tell exactly that it was more than 2 minutes or not. Please tell why it is happening. I have gone through blood test yesterday.When I got fainted symptoms were sudden anxiety, stomach ache and there was darkness in my eyes. Please respond asap.
I am 18 old. Which medicine is better for constipation either ayurvedic or homeopathy or German medicines. And what is medicine name.
My father is suffering from memories problem 2 year back he got operation in his big intestine than he is facing motion problem (every two days once) Is it possible to over come this problem?
I have heavy problem of constipation and gas trouble for since a year. I have taken my citiscan and sonography report but its normalBut the heavy problem of gas and constipation can not be solved.
I have a allergy problem from people and things I only feel relax when I siit on my chair which is clean by Colin and when I touch any thing or person which is not clean by Colin I need hand wash pose help me.
Many men have sexual problems which prevent them from deriving pleasure from sexual activities. They become more common as men age. These problems are generally caused by physical or psychological issues like certain medical conditions, alcoholism, drug abuse, stress, anxiety etc. The most common ones among them are:
1. Erectile Dysfunction - Erectile dysfunction or impotence involves not being able to achieve or maintain enough of an erection to have proper sex. This is usually caused by tension about work, finances, family, relationship or even excessive worrying about not getting an erection.
The penis needs good blood flow to sustain an erection during sex. Erectile dysfunction can also be the first sign of significant cardiac or vascular disease.
Selective drugs like Staxyn, Stendra, Levitra, Cialis, Viagra etc. are generally used to treat erectile dysfunction in men. Another treatment is psychotherapy, which might help in exploring problems in the relationship or by relaxation techniques.
2. Peyronie's Disease - Peyronie's disease causes narrowing or curvature of the penis. If it is severe enough, this condition can be painful and prevent you from having sex.
Penis deformation can be caused by scar tissue, possibly because of a previous injury, that appears as a hard lump on the upper side of the penis more frequently. Many times, pain during erection is not felt after 12 to 24 months, although the penis curvature usually remains.
3. Ejaculatory Disorders - Premature ejaculation is the most common type of ejaculatory dysfunction. It occurs within two minutes of the start of sexual stimulation. There are good chances that most men might experience this at some point of their life.
There are currently few treatments for premature ejaculation. Antidepressant medication is usually the best option. Topical anaesthetics applied to the penis can also delay ejaculation by reducing sexual sensation.
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