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I am 23yrs old male I get too much irritation coz of breakouts red red pimples on my chicks, I got scars and dark skin coz of it, I have taken treatment by a famous dermatologist last year he recommended me an ointment and some tablets isofact20 etc. Bt after 2-3 months of leaving the treatment they appeared again on my face Now I have been using garnier pure active neem facewash for 4months it gave me good result but one pimple goes and another comes please help me how can I get my clean and glowing face again please help me I am too much frusted.
I have oily skin, I use many oil control creams and face wash but still I have that problem what I should do.
I am 22 years old. I have dry skin, my legs are very dehydrated and rough. They also appear dark and wrinkled compared to other parts of body. please help I am young and I want to have supple skin.
Hi Doctors, Since last 3-4 years I see some time black and white spot in my skin. Some time it's automatically cleared some time its always be there. Currently I have three place on my boy. I have problem of digestion and I stomach heats. Please advice me what to do.
I am 30 years old. From past 3 months I have been getting pus boils on different parts of my body ie my eyes, stomach, face, thighs, pubic area. If ones goes then other one comes. Its also a bit painful. I am feeling very irritated due to this. What may be the cause of it? What is the cure for this?
Hello Maine anus sex ki (monthly periods nahi tha) par sperm mere vegina pe gir gya kya mai sperm ko vegina pe girne se pregnant ho Sakti hu? Plzz help me.
Hai I am Krishna my age 22 I am facing skin problems like pimples, dull skin and oil face. please give solutions for my skin problems.
My wife is aged 33. She is fair in complexion. The other day my son accidentally threw a bucket at her leg. She had no external bleeding, but there was deep red bruise, later after two days it turned blackish blue and now it is slowly healing. She had severe pain all along and that area was sensitive to even touch all along. This particular thing, I have observed that when ever she takes a hit by any thing, her body responds in similar way. I suspect she has internal bleeding issue or something abnormal. Can you please advise, if something needs to be done?
My face is getting dark and oily, i'm very confused because I have tried everything but not a single thing works for my face, so what should I do.
I am 24 year old girl and I'm facing the problem of pimples from past 5 years took. Treatments now its better but now there problem is I have visible scars its like pits, what should I do please suggest me. Is there any treatment for that and will that treatment help my scars to go completely please suggest me, I am getting married in other 2 months before that I want my skin to be clear wit no marks and pits please.
I have dark circles and I am not good in shape I want good body so please give me advise for removing my dark circles and for my health.
I have black spots as well as pimples on my back. I used scar removal cream for 4 months but did not see any results. What should I do?
hello doctor I am a student and I have some problems in my studies And I study really hard but my marks are not that much that I expected it to be It was not a issue before But now a days I can't focus on one thing I don't know why please advice me some tips.
I have only skin tanning usually happen and it lead to acne problem .give me solution to clear my face.
Cancer is the abnormal, uncontrolled growth of cells in a particular body part. With continued growth, pieces of this tissue travel through the blood to different body parts and continue to grow in the new area. This is known as metastases. Breast cancer is one of the most common forms of cancer and affects about 1 in 8 women in the USA. Read on to know more details of breast cancer – breast anatomy, causes, symptoms, risk factors, detection, prevention, and of course treatment.
Anatomy: The main function of the breast is lactation through its milk-producing tissue that are connected to the nipple by narrow ducts. In addition, there is surrounding connective tissue, fibrous material, fat, nerves, blood vessels and lymphatic channels which complete the structure. This is essential to know as most breast cancers develop as small calcifications (hardened particles) in the ducts or as small lumps in the breast tissue which then continues to grow into cancer. The spread can happen through lymphatic or blood flow to other organs.
Warning signs/symptoms: The following are some symptoms that need to be watched out for if you have a predisposition to breast cancer.
- A lump in either of the breasts or armpits
- Change in size, shape, or contour of either breast
- Redness of your breast or nipple
- Discharge of clear or bloody fluid
- Thickening of breast tissue or skin that lasts through a period
- Altered look or feel of the skin on the breast or the nipple (dimpled, inflamed, scaly, or puckered)
- One area on the breast that looks very different from the other areas
- Hardened area under the breast skin
Either one or a combination of these should be an indication to get a detailed checkup done. Early diagnosis results in controlling the disease with minimal treatment and reduced complications.
Causes and risk factors: The exact cause for breast cancer is yet to be pinned down. However, risk factors are clearly identified, and women with risk factors need to watch out for warning signs.
- Family history: Of all the risk factors, the family history is the most important. Breast cancer runs in families, and if there is a first-degree relative with the breast cancer, the chances of developing it are almost double. Two genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 are the carriers of the disease, and this testing can be done in women to identify if they are at risk.
- Family history of other cancers: Even if there is no breast cancer, if there are other cancers that run in the family, watch out.
- Age: Women over 50 are at higher risk of developing breast cancer.
- Race: Caucasian and Jewish women are at higher risk of breast cancer than African-American women.
- Hormones: Greater exposure to the female hormone estrogen increases the chances of developing breast cancer. Women who use birth control pills for contraception and hormone replacement after menopause are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer.
- Gynecologic milestones: Women who have abnormal menstrual milestones need to watch out. These include those who attain menarche before 12 years of age, get pregnant after 30, attain menopause after 55, and have menstrual cycles shorter than 26 days or longer than 29 days.
- Obesity and alcohol abuse are also likely to increase a woman’s chances of developing breast cancer.
Stages: Starting from stage 0, higher stages indicate advanced disease.
- Stage 0: The growth which has begun in the milk-producing tissue or the ducts has remained there (in situ) and not spread to any other area, including the rest of the breast.
- Stage I: The tissue slowly becomes invasive and has begun to affect the surrounding healthy tissue. It could have spread to the fatty breast tissue and some breast tissue may be found in the nearby lymph nodes.
- Stage II: The cancer at this stage grows considerably or spreads to other parts. There are chances that cancer may grow and also spread.
- Stage III: It may have spread to the bones or other organs but small amounts are present in up to 9 to 10 of the lymph nodes in the armpits and collar bones which makes it is difficult to fight.
- Stage IV: The cancer is widespread to far-flung areas like the liver, lungs, bones, and even the brain.
Screening: This is one of the most effective ways to identify the disease in its early stages. This will help in controlling cancer from spreading with minimal treatment.
- Self-examination: A thorough self-examination to look for changes in terms of shape, size, colour, contour, and firmness should be learned by all women. Watch for any discharge, sores, rashes, or swelling in the breasts, surrounding skin, and nipple. Examine them while standing and when lying down.
- In most women, annual screening mammograms are advised after the age of 40. However, in women who have a strong family history or genetic makeup, it is advisable to have screening mammograms starting at age 20 every 3 years and then annually from the age of 40.
- Women in high-risk categories should have screening mammograms every year and typically start at an earlier age.
- Ultrasound screening can also be given in addition to mammograms.
- Breast MRI is another way to screen for breast cancer if the risk is greater.
Breast Cancer Prevention: Now that there is so much awareness about causes and risk factors, there are definitely ways to prevent or delay the onset of the disease.
- Exercise and a healthy diet with reduced amount of alcohol are definitely effective in minimising the chances of developing cancer.
- Tamoxifen is used in women who are at high risk for breast cancer.
- Evista (raloxifene) which is used to treat osteoporosis after menopause. It is also widely used in preventing breast cancer.
- In high-risk women, breasts are surgically removed to prevent the development of cancer (preventive mastectomy).
Treatment: As with all cancers, treatment would depend on the stage at which it is identified and include a combination of chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery. As noted earlier, if you are at risk, look out for warning signs as early diagnosis is the key to maximum recovery.