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Prashanth Teggi

Internal Medicine Specialist Clinic

Near lions school extension area Bagalkot
1 Doctor
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Prashanth Teggi Internal Medicine Specialist Clinic Near lions school extension area Bagalkot
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It is important to us that you feel comfortable while visiting our office. To achieve this goal, we have staffed our office with caring people who will answer your questions and help you ......more
It is important to us that you feel comfortable while visiting our office. To achieve this goal, we have staffed our office with caring people who will answer your questions and help you understand your treatments.
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Prashanth Teggi is known for housing experienced Internal Medicine Specialists. Dr. Prashantha S Teggi, a well-reputed Internal Medicine Specialist, practices in Bagalkot. Visit this medical health centre for Internal Medicine Specialists recommended by 60 patients.

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Near lions school extension area
Bagalkot, Karnataka - 587101
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बालों को घना करने के उपाय - Balo Ko Ghana Karne Ke Upay!

Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Lakhimpur Kheri
बालों को घना करने के उपाय - Balo Ko Ghana Karne Ke Upay!

बालों का घना और सुंदर होना हमारे खूबसूरती में चार चाँद लगाने के लिए के बेहद आवश्यक है. हर कोई बाल घने करने का उपचार जल्द से जल्द करना चाहता है. कुछ सामान्य कारण जो आपके बालों को घना होने से रोकते हैं, उनमे तनाव, हर्मोन का असंतुलित होना, पोषण की कमी, प्रदुषण, एलर्जी, हानिकारक उत्पादों का इस्तेमाल, बालों का ध्यान न रखना और जेनेटिक्स समस्या इत्यादि शामिल है. अगर आपके बाल पतले हैं तो आपको महंगे ट्रीटमेंट या महंगे उत्पादों पर पैसे खर्च करने की ज़रूरत नहीं है. आइए इस लेख के माध्यम से हम बालों को धना करने के उपायों को जानें.

1. स्वस्थ आहार से

स्वस्थ और घने बालों के लिए महत्वपूर्ण है कि आप अपने डाइट में प्रोटीन और सभी तरह के महत्वपूर्ण विटामिन और मिनरल्स का रोजाना सेवन करें. प्रोटीन और विटामिन बी बालों को घना और लम्बा करने में सहायता करते हैं. इसलिए अपने आहार में प्राचुरता के साथ दूध, अंडे, चिकन, फैटी फिश, फलियां बीज और सूखे मेवे, साबुत अनाज और ताजा हरी सब्जियां इत्यादि अवश्य शामिल करें.

2. संतरे की मदद से
संतरे के जूस में विटामिन सी प्रचुर मात्रा में पाया जाता है साथ ही इसमें मौजूद प्रेक्टिन आपके बालों की प्राकृतिक चमक लौटाने में भी मदद करते हैं. अपने बालों में स्टाइल देने के कारण बालों के जड़ो को नुकसान पहुंचता है, जो संतरे में मौजूद एसिड इस नुकसान को ठीक करने में मदद करता है. इसके लिए एक संतरे के छिलका समेत मिक्सर में डाल दें. जब ये अच्छी तरह से से मिक्स हो जाए तो इसे अपने बालों में आधा घंटे के लिए लगाकर रखें. अब अपने बालों को शैम्पू से धो लें. शैम्पू से धोने के बाद कंडीशनर भी ज़रूर लगाएं, क्योंकि इसमें मौजूद एसिड आपके बालों को रूखा बना सकता है. इस मिश्रण को हफ्ते में एक बार ज़रूर लगाएं.

3. आंवला
आंवला में एंटी-इंफ्लेमेटरी, एंटीऑक्सिडेंट, एंटीबायोटिक और एक्सफ़ोलीएटिंग गुण होते हैं जो बालों के जड़ों को स्वस्थ बनाते हैं और बालों के विकास को भी में भी सहायता करते हैं. इसका उपयोग करने के लिए एक चम्मच आंवला या आंवला पाउडर को दो चम्मच के साथ नारियल के तेल में मिलाकर उबलने तक गर्म करें. अब तेल को छान लें और गुनगुना होने के बाद सोने से पहले अपने बालों और जड़ों में लगा लें. इसके अगली सुबह हमेशा की तरह अपने बालों को शैम्पू से धो लें. इसके अलावा आप आधा कप गर्म पानी को एक या आधा कप आंवला पाउडर में 10 मिनट तक अच्छे से मिलाने के बाद उसे दस मिनट के लिए ऐसे ही छोड़ दें. अब पेस्ट को अपने बालों में लगाएं और 15-20 के लिए ऐसे लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. पानी से धोने के बाद कुछ घंटों तक बालों को शैम्पू से न धोएं.

4. अंडे का उपयोग
बालों के इलाज के लिए प्रोटीन से भरपूर अंडा सबसे अच्छा घरेलू उपाय माना जाता है. अंडे का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए अपने बालों की लम्बाई के अनुसार एक या दो अंडे लेकर इसे ठीक से मिला लें. अब अंडे को गीले बालों में लगाकर आधे घंटे के लिए इसे बालों में लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर अपने बालों को गुनगुने पानी से धोकर शैम्पू कर लें. आप इस प्रोटीन ट्रीटमेंट को एक या दो बार हफ्ते में लगा सकते हैं. इसके अलावा एक अंडे की जर्दी ले और उसे अच्छे से मिला लें. अब अपनी पसंद का कोई भी एक चम्मच बालों में लगाने वाला तेल लें और दो चम्मच पानी लें. अब इस मिश्रण को अच्छे से मिलाने के बाद अपनी जड़ों में लगाएं.

5. जैतून का तेल
जैतून का तेल आपके बालों को घना बनाने में मदद करेगा. साथ ही ये आपके बालों को कोमल और मजबूत भी बनाएगा. जैतून के तेल का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए अपने बालों और जड़ों में गर्म तेल से मसाज करें और इसे ऐसे ही 30 से 45 मिनट के लिए लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर अपने बालों को पानी से धोने के बाद शैम्पू से धो लें. आप अपने बालों में तेल को रातभर के लिए भी लगा हुआ छोड़ सकते हैं और फिर सुबह को शैम्पू से धो लें. इसके साथ ही आप जैतून के तेल को शहद के साथ मिलाकर अपने बालों में लगा सकते हैं. फिर इसे आधे घंटे तक लगा हुआ छोड़ दें और फिर अपने बालों को पानी से धोने के बाद शैम्पू से धो लें.

6. एवोकाडो
एवोकाडो बालों को मॉइस्चराइस करता है जिसकी मदद से बाल घने होने लगते हैं. इसके साथ ही इसमें मौजूद विटामिन ई हेयर शाफ़्ट को स्वस्थ बनाने में मदद करता है. एवोकाडो का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए इसे एक केले के साथ क्रश करके उसमें एक चम्मच जैतून का तेल मिला लें. अब इस मिश्रण को अच्छे से मिलाने के बाद अपनी जड़ों में लगाकर मसाज करें. अपने बालों में इस मिश्रण को आधे घंटे के लिए लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. अंत में बालों को पानी से धोकर शैम्पू कर लें. इसके अलावा आप एक हाइड्रेटिंग हेयर मास्क भी बना सकते हैं. सबसे पहले दो चम्मच गेहूं के बीज के तेल को एक आधा क्रश एवोकाडो के साथ मिला दें. अब इस हेयर मास्क को शैम्पू किये हुए बालों में लगा लें और बीस मिनट के लिए इसे ऐसे ही लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर अपने बालों को पानी से धोने के बाद शैम्पू से धो लें.

7. मेथी के बीज
मेथी के बीज का इस्तेमाल बालों को झड़ने से रोकने और बढ़ाने के लिए इस्तेमाल किया जाता है. मेथी के बीज का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए एक या दो चम्मच मेथी के बीज को पानी में 8 से 10 घंटे के लिए भिगोकर रख दें. अब इन्हे मिक्सर में पीस लें. फिर उसमें दो चम्मच नारियल के तेल को भी मिला सकते हैं. अब इस पेस्ट को अपने बालों और जड़ों में आधे घंटे के लिए लगाकर रखें. फिर बालों को गुनगुने पानी से धोकर शैम्पू से धो दें. एक हफ्ते तक रोज़ाना इस पेस्ट का इस्तेमाल करने से आपके जड़ों का रूखापन दूर रहेगा और बाल भी घने होंगे. इसके अलावा आप मेथी के बीज के पानी को बालों को धोने के लिए इस्तेमाल कर सकते हैं.

8. अरंडी का तेल
कोल्ड-प्रेस्ड अरंडी के तेल के चिपचिपे गुणों के कारण ये बालों के झड़ने की समस्या को कम करता है. इसके साथ ही इसमें विटामिन ई और फैटी एसिड मौजूद होने की वजह से ये बालों को बढ़ाने में भी मदद करता है. अरंडी के तेल का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए अरंडी के तेल और नारियल के तेल को एक साथ बराबर मात्रा में मिलाकर गर्म कर लें. अब इस मिश्रण को जड़ों और बालों में लगाकर हल्के हल्के मसाज करें. फिर अपने बालों को कोम्ब करें जिससे तेल अच्छे से पूरे बालों तक पहुंच सके और इससे उलझे बाल भी सुलझेंगे. अब अपने बालों को गर्म पानी में डुबोई तौलिए से ढक लें. इससे आपके बालों को नमी मिलती रहगी. अब इसे एक घंटे के लिए ऐसे ही छोड़ दें और फिर हमेशा की तरह बालों को शैम्पू कर लें.

9. एलो वेरा जेल
घने बालों के लिए अन्य प्रभावी घरेलू उपाय है एलो वेरा. एलो वेरा में मॉइस्चराइज़िंग के गुण मौजूद होते हैं. ये जड़ों के PH स्तर को भी सुधारता है. एलो वेरा का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए एक या दो एलो वेरा जेल की पत्तियों से जेल निकाल लें और उसे फिर अपनी जड़ों में रगड़ें. फिर बालों को धोने से पहले इसे आधे घंटे के लिए लगा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर अपने बालों को गुनगुने पानी से साफ़ कर लें. इसके अलावा आप दो चम्मच नारियल के दूध को एलो वेरा जेल में मिला दें. फिर इसे अपनी जड़ों में लगाएं. बालों को धोने से पहले इसे अपने बालों में एक या आधा घंटे तक लगाकर रखें और फिर बालों को शैम्पू से धो लें. इस मिश्रण को आप हफ्ते में एक या दो बार ज़रूर लगाएं.

10. मेहँदी
मेहँदी की पत्तियां आपके बालों को प्राकृतिक रंग देने में मदद करेंगी और बालों को कोमल और घना बनाएंगी साथ ही टूटने से भी बचाएंगी. मेहँदी का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए मेहँदी की पत्तियों का पेस्ट बनाकर उसे दो घंटे के लिए ऐसे ही रखा हुआ छोड़ दें और फिर उस पेस्ट को अपने बालों में लगाकर बालों को शावर कैप से ढक लें. जब मेहँदी सूख जाए तो बालों को पानी से धो लें. धोने के बाद बालों में सरसो का तेल लगालें. फिर कुछ घंटे बाद अपने बालों को शैम्पू से धो लें. इसके अलावा आप मेहँदी पाउडर में पानी के साथ साथ दही और पानी की जगह ग्रीन टी को डाल सकते हैं. अब पेस्ट को अच्छे से चलाने के बाद रातभर इसे ऐसे ही रखा हुआ छोड़ दें. फिर अगले दिन इस मिश्रण में एक अंडा और दो चम्मच नींबू मिलाएं. अच्छे से मिलाने के बाद इस मिश्रण को अपने बालों में लगाकर सूखने तक का इंतज़ार करें. अंत में बालों को पानी से धो लें और ऊपर बताई गयी प्रक्रिया की तरह अपने बालों में तेल और शैम्पू का इस्तेमाल करें. ध्यान रहे बालों में मेहँदी लगाने से पहले अपने हाथों को कवर कर लें या किसी ब्रश का इस्तेमाल करें.

11. अलसी का उपयोग
अलसी ओमेगा -3 फैटी एसिड और प्रोटीन से समृद्ध होती है. अलसी प्राकृतिक रूप से घने बालों को बढ़ावा देने में भी मदद करती है. अलसी का इस्तेमाल करने के लिए एक चौथाई कप अलसी को पानी में भिगोकर रख दें. सुबह को अब अलसी को निकाल लें और दो कप पानी में उसे तेज़ आंच पर गर्म कर लें. जब मिश्रण जेल की तरह लगने लगे तो गैस को बंद कर दें और जेल को छान लें. आप इसमें अपना पसंद का तेल भी मिला सकते हैं. फिर इस मिश्रण को ठंडा होने के लिए रख दें. ठंडा होने के बाद बालों में इसे जेल की तरह लगाएं. अलसी जेल उन बालों के लिए बेहद फायदेमंद है जिनके बाल घुंघराले या रूखे होते हैं.

2 people found this helpful

I hv loosmotion since yesterday ,i hv a stomach pain also. I want some instant relief medicine for this, because in office time this is a very critical condition to handle. please doctor suggest me some fast relief medicine which is easily available in new delhi area.

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida
I hv loosmotion since yesterday ,i hv a stomach pain also. I want some instant relief medicine for this, because in o...
Take home cooked, fresh light food. Drink boiled water. Take ors. Maintain active life style curd is good for u. Avoid fast foods, spicy n fried foods for details you can consult me.

I am 43 years old female and I don't know what is wrong with me. I am not able to make up my mind to do daily activities and households. I feel like crying all the time and there is nothing wrong with me physically. I consulted a physician but it was no good. It feels like a knot in my stomach whenever I try to do anything. I am really restless, please guide me.

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida
I am 43 years old female and I don't know what is wrong with me. I am not able to make up my mind to do daily activit...
You are under stress. You need to find out the cause n rectify it. Or you have to understand that many matters are not under our control. So it’s useless to get anxious. Try to relax yourself -- exercise. Exercise is one of the most important things you can do to combat stress. Take a few minutes to breathe in and out in slow, deep breaths. Reduce your caffeine intake. Write it down. Chew gum. Spend time with friends and family. Laugh. Massage. Eat a healthy diet. Pursue one hubby walk in nature meditation. Yoga. For more details, you can consult me.
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Hello, I am 31 year old male. Last year I got to know that my cholesterol was increased and blood pressure was 150/100. My doctor prescribed me with espin 5 and ecosprin av 75. That I am taking daily at night. 2 days ago just for routine checkup I checked my blood sugar. That was 135 fasting and 188 one and half hours after meal. Yesterday it was 108 fasting and 155 after meal. I am overweight 87 kg with 5'7" height. My blood pressure and cholesterol is in control since I am taking medicines. My question is can I control my sugar just by reducing weight and taking balanced diet? Or I have to take medication for it.

BHMS
Homeopath, Noida
Hello,
I am 31 year old male. Last year I got to know that my cholesterol was increased and blood pressure was 150/10...
Yes, you can, and you have to very strictly follow this. A diabetes diet simply means eating the healthiest foods in moderate amounts and sticking to regular mealtimes. A diabetes diet is a healthy-eating plan that's naturally rich in nutrients and low in fat and calories. Key elements are fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. You can take (moderate amount) grapes. Apples. Berries. Citrus fruits. Pineapple. Papaya. U should avoid sugar-sweetened beverages. Sugary beverages are the worst drink choice for someone with diabetes. Trans fats sugar, cake, pastries mithai/sweets chocolate fruits like mango, litchi etc. White bread, pasta fruit-flavored yogurt. Sweetened breakfast cereals. Flavored coffee drinks. Honey 1. Don't take tea empty stomach. Eat something like a banana (if you are not diabetic). No only biscuits or rusk will not do. 2. Take your breakfast every day. Don't skip it. 3. Have light meals every 2 hours (in addition to your breakfast, lunch n dinner) e.g. Nariyal paani, chaach, a handful of dry fruits, a handful of peanuts, seasonal fruit, a cup of curd/milk etc 4. Finish your dinner at least 2 hours before going to sleep. 5. Maintain active life style 6. Avoid fast foods, spicy n fried foods 7.take a lot of green vegetables n fruit. 8. Drink lot of water. 9.curd is good for u. Exercise in the form of yoga, cycling, swimming, gymming, walking etc. For more details you can consult me.

School Refusal - How Should Parents Administer It?

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Delhi
School Refusal - How Should Parents Administer It?

Blessed are the parents whose children enjoy going to schools. Some parents have to sweat it out to convince and cajole their kids into going to schools. Every morning brings in a new struggle. You will often come across kids who hate going to schools. From complaining of a headache to stomach aches, they will try everything under the sun to give the school a miss. With time, however, things get under control, much to the parent's relief.

The situation gets dicey when children continue to panic, get stressed out at the mere thought of going to school (for a longer duration of time). With time, things get more and more complicated. A situation as critical as this is known as School Refusal Behavior. School refusal can affect children, adolescents, and even teenagers.

Factors that trigger school refusal behavior:
School refusal in children may be an amalgamation of many factors:

  1. In some children, the problem may be due to ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder). It is a common behavioral disorder that affects many children and even teenagers. In ADHD, children find it a herculean task to concentrate or to pay attention in class. Needless to say, this affects a child's overall performance in class. The fear of getting rebuked and punished (by teachers) may trigger school refusal in such children.
  2. Many parents set unrealistic goals for their children. They want their children to be the best. What they fail to realize is that in doing so, they end up suffocating the kids. In a few extreme cases, the pressure to excel in academics grips them with an unknown fear. They start avoiding classes. They get panic attacks at the mention of schools.
  3. There are some menaces which can make life miserable. Being bullied in school (by classmates or seniors) is one such issue. As time progresses, the situation may get so unbearable that the child at the receiving end starts showing signs of school refusal.
  4. Children with undiagnosed and untreated depression, stress, and anxiety may show signs of school refusal. Such kids prefer to stay within themselves. They don't enjoy social gatherings or interacting with people much.
  5. Some children want to be with their parents all the time. Going to school would mean being away from parents. Thus, they look for excuses to avoid schools.

Symptoms:
The symptoms characteristic of school refusal behavior include

  1. Irritability, inflexibility, and anger.
  2. Nausea, headache, stomach ache, vomiting.
  3. Diarrhea
  4. The affected child may show signs of separation anxiety.
  5. Sleep disturbance.
  6. Tantrums in the morning. 

Diagnosis and Treatment:

School refusal needs to be dealt with as early as possible since the longer the child stays away from school, the more difficult it will become for him/her to return to school.

  1. The Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED).
  2. The Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale.
  3. The Child Behavior Checklist.

Parents, physician, and school authorities should together chalk out a plan to deal with the situation.

  1. Cognitive therapy can produce fruitful results.
  2. Any student subjected to bullying should bring it to the notice of their parents and teachers.
  3. Parents should not pressurize their child to overperform.
  4. Consult an expert physician if your child shows any signs of stress and anxiety.

Neck Pain - What Can Cause It?

MD - Internal Medicine
General Physician, Ahmedabad
Neck Pain - What Can Cause It?

The neck is one of the most important parts of the human body, as it connects the head with the rest of the body and renders precious mobility to the former. The neck consists of a number of vertebrae that start from the skull and end in the upper torso. There are also cervical discs that can absorb shock and allow motion along with the bones, ligaments and muscles that render support. Injuries, anomalies, inflammation and other causes may lead to neck pain which can cause severe problems if not treated properly and on time.

Read on to know more about the causes of neck pain.

  1. Muscle Tension and Strain: If you sit at a desk and work for too long without changing your position often enough, then the discomfort will gradually lead to chronic pain and inflammation due to the poor posture. Also, maintaining a poor posture while sitting, standing and walking can all lead to this kind of pain. The muscles of the neck can also suffer strain due to neck jerks during gym sessions of exercising. Also, if you sleep with your neck in a bad position, this can lead to neck and shoulder pain which can last for several days.
  2. Injury: The neck is a sensitive and delicate area that we take for granted many times. This part of the body is most susceptible to injuries which can be caused due to falls, car accidents, sports and other such occasions where the muscles, as well as the ligaments of the neck, may be forced out of their normal range, leaving the body in acute and severe pain. A fracture of the cervical vertebrae or the neck bones can also lead to neck pain which can take several weeks and months to get fully repaired. Sudden jerking of the head can also cause neck pain and neck injury. This motion is known as a ‘whiplash’.
  3. Heart Attack: Did you know that a heart attack can also give you neck pain? That’s right neck pain is one of the symptoms of a heart attack along with excessive sweating, nausea, pain in the arm and the jawline, as well as shallow breathing and shortness of breath. If you do experience such symptoms along with sudden neck pain, then you will need to call the emergency unit of the hospital or a doctor immediately.
  4. Meningitis: This condition refers to the inflammation of the thin tissue surrounding the spinal cord as well as the brain. Headaches and a stiff neck are the most common and persistent symptoms of this condition. This can also turn out to be a fatality if it is not treated on time.

4 Homeopathic Remedies To Manage Migraine!

BHMS
Homeopath, Meerut
4 Homeopathic Remedies To Manage Migraine!

A migraine is one of the worst forms of headaches. It can result in excruciating pain leading to temporary impairing of a person. The pain is often one-sided and can last up to days. The pain can be pulsating or throbbing. Apart from pain, some other symptoms of this disease are insensitivity to light, vomiting, nausea, light temperature etc. For extreme cases, a patient might face symptoms such as temporary blindness, tingling sensation on the hand or leg area, flashes of light etc. Some common triggers of a migraine include loud music, sunlight, mental stress, improper sleep etc. While lifestyle changes can bring temporary relief to migraine patient, homeopathy treatment aims at permanent relief from a migraine altogether. In this article, we will describe few homeopathic medicines that can do wonders for a migraine patient-

  1. Belladonna- This is one of the most effective medicines for a migraine. This medicine is appropriate to those whose pain is throbbing in nature and originates from the temporal region of the brain. The pain of this kind starts suddenly without any warning signs whatsoever. The pain worsens with exposure to sunlight, cold air, touch etc. Applying pressure to the region of pressure makes the patient feel better. The patient of this nature finds it difficult to sleep as the pain increases with supine posture. Belladonna can be the perfect medicine for patients suffering from these symptoms. Daily intake in the empty stomach can improve migraine pain by leaps and pounds.
  2. Sanguinaria- This homeopathic medicine is used especially for migraine patient who feels pain only on the right side of the head. For patients whose a migraine gets initiated at the back of the head, faces the pain once in every week, gets relief from sleeping and lying down etc, Sanguinaria is the best homeopathic medicine one can have. It is wise to consult a homeopathic doctor to decide the dosage, medicine intake timings etc.
  3. Spigelia- This is a homeopathic medicine that pays rich dividends to those migraine patients whose pain starts from the left side of the head and finally settles down in the eye region. The patient often feels that there is a tight rubber band that has been around the head. The pain is sharp and aggravates with touch. Applying ice further worsens it. Spigelia is one homeopathic medicine that can greatly extend relief to such kind of migraine patients and can even cure the condition with prolonged intake.
  4. Natrum Mur- This is one universal homeopathic medicine that can extend relief to those migraine patients who has a headache that is congestive in nature. Some typical symptoms include face redness, throbbing nature of the pain, increase of pain with exposure to heat, feeling relieved by uncovering the head etc.

Is Postmenopausal Bleeding Normal?

MBBS, Md - Obs & Gynae
Gynaecologist, Faridabad
Is Postmenopausal Bleeding Normal?

Most women attain menopause between the ages of late 40s and early 60s, the average age being about 51. This is an important milestone in a women-s gynecological history. One major change is altered female hormone levels, and this leads to a lot of physiological changes. From hot flashes to mood swings, there is also increased predisposition to osteoporosis and uterine cancer.

If you have not had your menstrual cycles for close to 12 months, chances are you are into menopause. So, that means absolutely no vaginal bleeding anymore whatsoever. However, if you experience bleeding, even spotting, be on the alert. It is not normal and needs to be examined, and if required, diagnosed and treated.

Postmenopausal bleeding or PMB as it is popularly called can be due to a variety of reasons. While it could be something as trivial as inflammation of the uterine or vaginal lining, it could also be an indication of more severe issues like cancer.

-  Atrophic vaginitis - Decreasing hormonal levels lead to increased dryness and therefore inflammation of the vaginal and uterine tissue. This is one of the common causes of bleeding after menopause.
-  Endometrial atrophy - Also caused by lower hormone levels, the lining of the body of the uterus gradually thins down and can get inflamed.
-  Polyps - Noncancerous growths in the uterus, cervix, vulva, or vagina can also lead to bleeding
-  Infections - General infection of any area along the uterine tract could lead to occasional bleeding
-  Cancers - Though only 1 in 10 PMB cases turn out to be cancers, the prognosis improves with early diagnosis and intervention.

Diagnosis

As repeated above, reach out to your doctor if you notice postmenopausal bleeding.  Diagnostic methods could include the following :

-        Physical exam
-        Transvaginal ultrasound
-        Endometrial biopsy
-        Hysteroscopy
-        Dilatation and Curettage

Treatment

Needless to say, this would depend on the diagnosis.

For very minor cases with diagnosis like altered hormone levels, no treatment may be required other than modification of the hormone replacement therapy.

For endometrial atrophy and atrophic vaginitis, use of estrogen creams and pessaries would be sufficient.

Polyps would require removal followed by cauterization (application of slight heat) to stop the bleeding.

Cancer - this would depend on the type and location and require a combination of chemotherapy and surgery.  Removal of the uterus also may be required in some cases.

So, if you have had bleeding of any sort after ayear of menopause, do not ignore it.  

Hypothyroidism - 5 Foods You Should Be Avoiding!

Bsc - Dietitics / Nutrition, PG in Dietitics &Public Health Nutrition
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Jaipur
Hypothyroidism - 5 Foods You Should Be Avoiding!

The thyroid is a small gland located on the neck. When the thyroid gland functions normally, it is easy to ignore it but an underactive or overactive thyroid gland can cause a number of problems. An underactive thyroid gland is known as hypothyroidism. In this case, the gland does not produce enough thyroid hormone. This, in turn, lowers metabolism. Your diet plays a large role in influencing the functioning of the thyroid gland.

Some of the foods you should avoid in cases of hypothyroidism are:

1. Cruciferous Vegetables: This includes vegetables such as cabbage, bok choi, kale, sprouts, and broccoli. These vegetables restrict the thyroid’s ability to absorb iodine which in turn lowers the functionality of the thyroid gland. While you do not need to completely avoid these vegetables, you should restrict their intake to less than 5 ounces each day. Cooking these vegetables can also help reduce their effect.

2. Soy: Soy products are rich in plant-based phytoestrogen. This hormone interferes with the body’s ability to use the thyroid hormone. It can worsen hypothyroidism and even increase the risk of hypothyroidism. However, this has not been scientifically proven and hence there are no specific dietary guidelines on how much should be eaten. To be on the safe side, consume soy products in moderation and avoid them whenever possible.

3. Fatty Foods: Hypothyroidism is yet another reason to avoid fatty foods. Fats interfere with the body’s ability to absorb thyroid hormone as well as thyroid hormone replacement drugs. It also lowers the production of thyroid hormone and thus aggravates hypothyroidism. Ideally, you should avoid fatty foods such as red meat, fatty fish, butter, mayonnaise etc. You should also avoid foods that are deep fried. Instead, try steaming or baking your food.

4. Sugar: Many dieticians refer to sugar as empty calories. These calories do not have any nutrients but can slow down the body’s metabolism rate. It also leads to weight gain that furthers aggravates hypothyroidism as well as other lifestyle disorders such as diabetes. Limit your sugar consumption to 1-2 spoons a day or try and eliminate it completely. You could also try replacing sugar with honey to sweeten your tea.

5. Excess Fiber: An excessive amount of anything including fiber can be detrimental to the body. Too much fiber can create complications in the treatment of hypothyroidism. Thus, you should not consume more than 35 grams of fiber a day. This can take the form of whole grains, legumes, fruits, vegetables, and beans.

Urinary Infection - How To Track It?

M.D.
Gynaecologist, Mathura
Urinary Infection - How To Track It?

Urinary infection is one widespread disorder that most of the human beings face in the later stages of their lives. The infection is experienced mostly by half of the women and according to statistical data, it has been noted that about 40% of women and 12% of men get infected with urinary infection. Women who are sexually active have more possibilities to get this infection. It is an infection suffered by many people and, which is more vulnerable to children and women.

The symptoms that are identified for a person with urinary infection are frequent urination and burning sensation at the time of passing urine. In certain cases, women even experience leaking of urine while sleeping. It is advised not to take this condition casually as it can lead to further complications, and medications need to be taken to reduce the discomfort caused.

Main Causes of Urinary Infection

  • The main reason why urinary infection is caused is due to a bacterium that moves from the urinary duct into the urinary bladder.
  • The other main reasons for urinary tract infection are due to sexual intercourse, pregnancy and diabetes.
  • There are chances to get urinary infection if a person has sex with many partners
  • In most women, urinary infection is caused due to hormonal imbalance after menopause
  • Women should not hold back the urge for urinating frequently, as it can weaken the bladder and makes it prone to urinary infection.

Treatment for Urinary Infection

There are simple and helpful home remedies that can be used for the treatment of urinary infection, and these include

  • It is very necessary to drink a lot of water, as it would help flush the bacteria from the bladder that causes the infection. It is advisable to drink at least 80 ounces of water on a daily basis.
  • It is advisable to eat foods rich in Vitamin C as they are helpful in making the urine more acidic, and it inhibits further growth of the bacterium in the urinary tract.
  • It is very important that spicy foods and bladder irritants like caffeine, carbonated drinks and artificial sweeteners be cut from the diet to reduce the irritation.
  • It is very important to include healthy foods in your diet, and that are rich in high-fiber carbohydrates and helpful in digestive health of your body.
  • Herbal remedies can be opted for treatment of urinary tract infection, and the leaves of bearberry are used for this purpose.
  • Most importantly, it is very necessary to adopt healthier habits and quit smoking. Women should wear loose clothing and make use of personal hygiene products that are free from any fragrance.
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