Diabetes is basically a lifestyle and metabolic disease that is caused when the pancreases are not able to deal with the glucose and insulin, leading to an increase in the blood sugar levels. It is usually of three types like Type 1, Type 2 and gestational. The most common symptoms include frequent urination, fatigue and dizzy spells.
HOW IS DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
Diabetes can often be detected by carrying out a urine test, which finds out whether excess glucose is present. This is normally backed up by a blood test, which measures blood glucose levels and can confirm if the cause of your symptoms is diabetes. A general physician usually diagnoses and treats diabetes
HOW IS DIABETES TREATED?
Controlling blood sugar (glucose) levels is the major goal of diabetes treatment, in order to prevent complications of the disease. Type 1 diabetes is managed with insulin as well as dietary changes and exercise. Type 2 diabetes may be managed with non-insulin medications, insulin, weight reduction, or dietary changes. There are a lot of ayurvedic and homeopathic medications which can treat diabetes
DID YOU KNOW?
Diabetes develops most often in middle-aged and older people who are also overweight or obese. The disease, once rare in youth, is becoming more common in overweight and obese children and adolescents. Scientists think genetic susceptibility and environmental factors are the most likely triggers of diabetes.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as Diabetes, is a set of metabolic conditions marked by hyperglycemia resulting from defects in insulin secretion, insulin action, or both. Insulin helps the body use food for energy. In the body of a diabetic, the pancreas either cannot produce enough insulin, or uses the insulin incorrectly, or both. If the insulin will not function properly, glucose cannot enter cells. This causes the glucose level in the blood to rise, creating a condition of high blood sugar level or Diabetes Mellitus.
Causes of Diabetes Mellitus:
The following issues may increase the chance of getting affected by Diabetes Mellitus (DM) or Diabetes:
• Family background history of diabetes or inherited
• Due to overweight
• Any physical stress
• Use of some medications, that includes steroids & blood pressure medications
• High Blood pressure or high cholesterol level
Types of Diabetes Mellitus (DM):
1. Type 1 diabetes:
The type 1 diabetes is also called as insulin- dependent diabetes. It is used to be called as juvenile-onset diabetes. In type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, the pancreas makes less or no insulin, so sugar cannot get into the body cells for use as energy.
Type 1 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes in people under the age of 20-30.
2. Type 2 diabetes:
In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas makes insulin, but it either doesn't produce insulin or the insulin does not work properly. The type 2 diabetes mellitus may sometime be controlled with a balanced diet, weight control & exercise.
3. Gestational diabetes:
Gestational diabetes occurs when there is a high blood sugar level during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is diagnosed in middle or late pregnancy. Hormone changes during the pregnancy also affect the action of insulin, that results in high blood glucose levels.
Long term complications with diabetes mellitus:
1. Diabetic Retinopathy (eye disease) - patients with the diabetes mellitus face this problem. Diabetic Retinopathy is caused by damage to the blood vessels of light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).
2. Diabetic neuropathy- it is a type of nerve damage that can occur if one has diabetes mellitus. High blood sugar level injures nerve fibers throughout your body. Diabetic Neuropathy is a serious complication of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Mellitus can lead to serious issues with your blood vessels, nerves, heart, mouth, kidneys, eyes & feet. One of the major serious problems caused by the Diabetes Mellitus is the heart disease.
Lybrate is a platform for you to find doctors that work closely with issues like Diabetes in Visakhapatnam, Bangalore, Pune, Hyderabad, Mumbai. You can interact with them virtually before you decide to become a patient with them. It provides you complete information about your condition and all other guidance that you might need.