Osteoarthritis, commonly known as wear-and-tear arthritis, is a condition in which the natural cushioning between joints -- cartilage -- wears away. Symptoms of the condition include pain while being physically active which tends to decline with rest along with stiffness in the joints, cracking sound when moving your legs and decreased mobility in the legs.
HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis will begin with a physical exam by the doctor. He may order additional testing, including:
• X-rays, which can show bone and cartilage damage as well as the presence of bone spurs
• magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans
• Blood test
HOW IS OSTEOARTHRITIS OF THE KNEE TREATED?
The primary goal of treatment is to relieve the pain. Weight loss programs, exercise regime and healthy dietary changes are recommended. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatory drugs along with corticosteroid injections are used for pain management.
DID YOU KNOW?
Due to the intensive pain, it becomes difficult for such patients to exercise. However, no impact exercises like swimming are suggested for them. These don't cause pressure on the joints and also help in weight loss.