Everyday brushing is done to keep teeth clean and healthy. But does brushing alone suffice for good oral hygiene? No. A dental visit every six months is necessary to stay away from dental cavities, gum disease, and periodontal disease. A dental hygienist carries out professional teeth cleaning. It involves tooth scaling and root planing, tooth polishing, and debridement. Accumulation of dental plaque along the gum lines allows bacteria to stagnate in the cavities, and if left unattended, this can transform into gingivitis and periodontal disease. Chronic inflammation of gums may lead to heart disease, hence, oral hygiene is to be given due importance. Tooth scaling and root planing removes the dental plaque and tartar. The procedure is done with an electric device called the sonic scaler which vibrates at a certain frequency to remove the plaque, stains, and tartar. Hand-held devices called curettes are used to complete the fine scaling that the sonic scaler fails to clean. Tooth polishing is usually done along with scaling. This procedure smoothens the surface of the teeth and is used to remove stains on the teeth. Debridement is usually required for people who have a poor oral hygiene and have not visited a dental hygienist or a dentist for a long time. In such cases, the plaque accumulation is high and the tartar is very hard and requires extensive cleaning procedure. To avoid periodontal diseases, keeping a check on the dental plaque is essential. Visiting the dentist periodically is hence essential.
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