Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) treatment is a procedure that is done under general anesthesia, in which small electric currents are passed through the brain, intentionally triggering a brief seizure. ECT seems to cause changes in brain chemistry that can quickly reverse symptoms of certain mental illnesses. It often works when other treatments are unsuccessful. Much of the stigma attached to ECT is based on early treatments in which high doses of electricity were administered without anesthesia, leading to memory loss, fractured bones and other serious side effects. When medication fails to ease the symptoms of clinical depression, there are other options to try. Brain stimulation techniques such as electro shock therapy, for example, can be used to treat major depression that hasn't responded to standard treatments. ECT therapy is among the safest and most effective treatments available for depression. With ECT, electrodes are placed on the patient's scalp and a finely controlled electric current is applied while the patient is under general anesthesia. The current causes a brief seizure in the brain. ECT is one of the fastest ways to relieve symptoms in severely depressed or suicidal patients. It's also very effective for patients who suffer from mania or other mental illnesses. A neurologist is a medical doctor who specializes in treating diseases of the nervous system. He helps in the treatment of the brain and spinal cord. The duration of this treatment depends on the number of sittings required for ECT based on the severity of the condition.
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