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If the reports of a recent study are to be believed, then approximately 4-6% of the population suffers from some kind of congenital ear anomalies or ear malformation. Protruding ear and external ear microtia are the two most commonly encountered congenital ear problems that affect children since birth. While microtia is the type of ear problem in which a major portion of the child's outer ear structure is missing, the protruding or prominent ear is typically cosmetic in nature and has nothing to do with hearing impairment. Speaking about microtia, this type of ear problem might affect one or both ears and with the external structure missing, the child faces difficulty in hearing as his/ her ears are not able to filter the sound wave. Apart from the protruding and microtia ear problems, a third congenital ear anomaly often encountered are the long/ cupped ears in which the ear rims are so very rolled that it leads to inner ear deformities. Depending upon the type of ear problem, it is your ENT who'll decide the nature of congenital ear problem treatment that one should undergo. While the problem of ear microtia can be addressed with several surgical methods, in the case of prominent ears, your ENT surgeon will simply pin-back the enlarged portion of your ears without affecting the inner parts of your ears. Again in the case of long/ cupped ears – depending upon the extent of severity – ENT surgeons may either consider shortening the cartilage or make you undergo an extensive process of cartilage grafting to reposition your entire ear. Whatever be the nature of treatment opted, the entire thing is time-consuming and as far as the treatment cost is concerned, the same is largely dependent on the extent of ear problem and nature of treatment being followed.