Children are more susceptible to illness. Their immune systems would be underdeveloped and this makes them prone to a wide range of infections and diseases that an adult has a natural self-defense for. Children do have a tendency to explore more, be it a house or mud and as a result, they get bacterial infections and viruses easily. The pediatrician should help parents by formulating a proper childhood infections management program to take care of the child and for ensuring that his/her immune systems are grown properly. The most common Infectious illnesses in children are measles, chicken pox, rashes, whooping cough, and mumps. The common cold is also one of the most common ailments that affect a child often. These symptoms vary hugely in a child and last longer than in an adult as his body is still developing and they take a little longer to respond to treatments. Every child is different, and these inequalities of child health are taken care of by the pediatrician who imparts specific treatments for the various ailments. Usually, a child displays many common symptoms for most of the conditions. They include dehydration, high fever, breathing difficulty, running nose and having difficulty in digesting and not eating. A pediatrician should immediately be consulted if any of the above conditions exist. Nutrition too plays a significant role in the treatment of childhood infections and a typical Childhood Infections Management should adequately address this.