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World Hepatitis Day or WHD takes place every year on 28 July and it is designed to raise awareness about viral hepatitis and to influence real change. WHD, endorsed by the World Health Organization, unites patient organisations, governments, medical professionals, and civil society, as well as the public, to boost prevention measures for fighting viral hepatitis like vaccination.
In the simple terms, hepatitis means injury to your liver due to inflammation. There are five main types of hepatitis and the type that you are suffering from is determined by a laboratory test. All the five main types of hepatitis are caused by viruses. Out of the five, Hepatitis C and B are quite big. Globally, around 250 million people are affected by hepatitis C and 300 million people are estimated to be hepatitis B carriers.
Fact sheet on hepatitis
- Hepatitis A & E is caused by consuming contaminated water.
- Hepatitis B, C and D is transmitted through infected blood to blood contact.
- Hepatitis C is usually spread via direct contact with the blood of an infected person.
- The initial symptoms of hepatitis are the same as those of flu.
- Hepatitis can heal on its own causing no significant liver damage; however, if it progresses, it can cause extensive liver scarring and extensive damage of your liver.
Most liver damage is caused by 3 hepatitis viruses, and these are hepatitis A, B and C.
How do you safeguard yourself against infection from these three dangerous hepatitis viruses?
The most common cause of concer is that a lot of us who are infected with hepatitis, especially hepatitis B don’t know that we are. The biggest bulwark against hepatitis is periodic testing and vaccination. Vaccination is available for most hepatitis viruses including A and B, which tend to be extra virulent.
So, do take care and go for periodic testing. We are reiterating this because if you are infected with hepatitis B and are not treated you can develop serious problems of the liver, including liver cancer. In fact, nearly 1 in 4 people living with hepatitis B develop serious liver problems including liver cancer. Hepatitis B related liver cancer is a leading cause of fatality and getting tested for hepatitis can help you access life-saving treatments that can prevent serious liver damage.
Other ways to prevent hepatitis are
- Wash your hands with soap after using the toilet
- Only consume freshly-cooked food
- Only drink bottled or boiled water
- Only eat fruits that can be peeled. Don’t eat fruit that has been cut and kept
- Avoid eating raw vegetables
- Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis A if you travel a lot.
- Practice safe sex by using condoms
- Only use new syringes for injections
- Do not share toothbrushes, razors, or manicure instruments with others
- Vaccinate yourself against hepatitis B
- Take care while getting tattooed. Only use brand new tattoo needles. Also, ask for new needles during acupuncture treatments.
- Avoid sharing toothbrushes, razors, and manicure equipment
- Cover open wounds if you are infected
- Don’t share needles. Always ask for fresh needles.
- Use only well-sterilized equipment for acupuncture, piercing, and tattooing etc.
- Cut down on alcohol
- Do not share drug needles
If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor.
Hello Doctors, when i wake up in the morning continues sneezing is happing and water dropped out from my nose. One of the doctor was confirmed this is Sinuses. Some of the medicines are advised me I am not taking cool drinks and citrus food but using that medicines .but purely not controlled. Is there any permanent solution please suggest me. I am working in pharma company since last 8 year. But suffering from this last 2.8 years.
I am 16 year old male. I have got small pox it has been last 2 days I eat toast in morning and eat boiled rice. What should I do now. Can I eat dal without oil? What diet can I take?
We know that garlic consumption has many medical benefits. But can we consume garlic in summers (of north India) too? If yes, then how much and in what form? Thanks in advance.
Sir im suffering from allergy of cold since 5 years me jab kabhi bhi sokr uthta hun to mera nose band ho jati hai aur raat me throat me cough utarta hai aur poore din cold rehta h aur me waxin bhi use kar rha hun.
Hi, I eat cheese and many dairy product. Some people eat boil cheese mix tumeric powder? That is best? Or please tell what add in cheese too more benefit? And which amount of cheese better for me how many gram my age 20 weight 55.
Sir, badam, kaju, kishmish, kharakh, khajor, anjeer, .in sab ki kitni quantity khana hai. Sir please batao. My age is 21. I have all this stuff tell me only quantity of each material. Please sir.
Help Dr. meri daughter 5 years ki hai or any time hungry rehti hai Khane ke baad bhi use bhukh Lagta hai use jems ki medicine bhi di uske baad bhi Aisa hi hai or weight gain ho raha hai 22 kg weight hai uska 4 years ki age mein.
I have low calcium in blood. The range of calcium in blood is 7.2 mg now. Please suggest me food and medicine to increase calcium in blood and why it happens so.
Is any problem Using packed milk without boiling it? Drinking of Raw packed milk causes any difficulty to health?
I always suffering from cold n headache. Wat can I do for this. Once I went to hospital medication was good.
My query is that I want I want to get rid of chicken pox marks which is there on my face n body. I suffered from pox on march. .one of my friend suggest me to apply opexa gel on it can this hlp me to get rid of. It. Or is there any better medicine.
Am gym boy powerlifter am always eat steroids and protein shake but nowadays I don't have much money to buy it so please gave me some diet chart plans so that my muscles get stronger day by day by not eating steroids and protein shake and list some medicines for powerlifter to be powerful so I can buy from medical store.
I am using creatine supplement from last few days. .creatine monohydrate. Company - muscleblaze, Is it safe to take? I drink 3-4 litres of water, I workout daily for 1 hr 30 mins, high intensity workout.
I'm hitting gym 5 times in a week. And Im not taking whey protein can I take bcaa and glutamine for recovery. Will it sufficent?
Chicken pox is a highly contagious viral infection which is generally characterised by intensely painful and itchy red sores all over the body.
Common causes behind it
Chicken pox is caused mainly due to contact with the infected person and Varicella-zoster, the virus responsible for the infection which spreads very quickly. It gets transmitted mainly through coughs, saliva, and direct contact with the sores. Little children, pregnant women, new-born baby and the mother, people with low immunity system and adults who were not vaccinated for chicken pox in their childhood have considerable chances of getting the infection.
Also, they might result in other serious complications which might include pneumonia, skin infections, dehydration, and encephalitis. Chicken pox rarely occurs twice to the same person once in their lifetime. Chicken Pox is generally considered a mild disease which, after diagnosis, generally improves within one or two weeks.
The symptoms of chicken pox appear within 10 to 21 days after exposure to the virus. The symptoms include sores throughout the body which includes the eye and mucous membrane, high fever, severe headache, fatigue and loss of appetite before the appearance of the sores.
Treatment: If you are suffering from chicken pox, you should adopt the considerably easy-to-follow methods that will provide you comfort during chicken-pox.
- You should drink a lot of water to avoid complications from dehydration.
- Prescribed dosage of paracetamol might reduce the symptoms of high fever and headaches. Also anti-viral dosage of medication like acyclovir might be prescribed for people suffering from weak immune system, pregnant women and infants.
- You can apply calamine lotion on the rashes and use antihistamines which might reduce the itchy sensation. Also, hot-water baths can be very helpful to ease the pain and the itchiness caused by the sores.
- You should not go back to your work place, college or school and take a whole lot of rest up until the last rash has healed, as that might risk the spreading of the infection.
- If you get the chicken pox vaccine within 3-5 days of the infection, the symptoms will be mild. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.