Nephrotic syndrome is a group of symptoms that include protein in the urine, low blood protein levels in the blood, high cholesterol levels, high triglyceride levels, and swelling. The swelling may be most noticeable in legs after standing and around the eyes in the morning. Eventually, the swelling of legs may be there all the time, and it may also occur in other parts of the body. Other symptoms include:
• Skin rash or sores
• Foamy appearance of the urine
• Poor appetite
• Weight gain (unintentional) from fluid retention
HOW IS NEPHROTIC SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a general physician who would test for protein levels in the urine and also do an ultrasound to scan the kidney functions. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or aluminium levels are also tested.
HOW IS NEPHROTIC SYNDROME TREATED?
Treatment is symptom specific and based on the underlying cause. Blood pressure medications, cholesterol regulating medicines are given. Some people may need blood thinners and immune system suppressing medications. Water pills are prescribed to reduce the edema.
DID YOU KNOW?
People with this condition are advised a lean protein and low salt diet.