Also known as panic attacks, these are episodes of intense panic or fear. Anxiety attacks usually occur suddenly and without warning. It peaks within 10 mins and they rarely last more than 30 mins. Symptoms are: 1. Surge of overwhelming panic 2. Feeling of losing control or going crazy 3. Heart palpitaions or chest pain 4. Hyperventilation 5. Hot flashes or chills, trembling or shaking 6. Nausea or stomach cramps, feeling detached or unreal
HOW IS ANXIETY ATTACKS DIAGNOSED?
An anxiety attack may feel like a heart attack or heart failure and it can be diagnosed by a general physician with a physical and visual examination. These cases are then referred to a psychologist or psychiatrist who will conduct various kinds of examinations including verbal and non verbal studies.
HOW IS ANXIETY ATTACKS TREATED?
A psychologist or psychiatrist will typically make use of cognitive behaviour therapy or exposure therapy to treat an anxiety attack. Very severe cases may require medication or sedation too.
DID YOU KNOW?
Anxiety attacks are highly treatable, and many people are panic free within just 5 to 8 treatment sessions.
Anxiety is a common term used for various disorders that result in fear, nervousness, worrying and apprehension. These disorders greatly influence the behavior and feeling of a person, which get manifested in the form of real physical signs and symptoms. Whereas mild anxiety is unnerving and vague, a person suffering from severe anxiety can face debilitating results with a severe impact on everyday life.
Anxiety becomes a serious health issue when symptoms impact a person’s sleep or else other bodily functions.
Types of Disorders
The most common types of anxiety disorders are:
1. Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)
GAD is defined as a chronic disorder marked by an extreme, long term anxiety and apprehensions related to objects, life events and situations. GAD patients are usually afraid and anxious about their health, family, money, school or work, but they still have a difficulty in identifying the actual fear and curbing the anxiety.
2. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder is defined as an anxiety disorder marked by actions or thoughts which become recurring, intrusive and stressful. People suffering from Obsessive Compulsive Disorder may become infatuated to certain things and behave in a peculiar manner, like obsessively cleaning personal things or even hands and constantly lighting switches, checking stoves, locks, etc.
Other than GAD and Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, phobia is defined as an unreasonable anxiety and avoidance of a situation or an object. Phobias, unlike Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, involve a fear response in relation to a specific cause. The fear could be identified as unnecessary or irrational, but the person is still not able to handle the resultant fear.
Anxiety is linked to medical reasons such as asthma, anemia, various heart conditions as well as infections. Some other medical causes related with anxiety are:
Side effects from drugs
Stress induced by a severe medical condition
Insufficient oxygen due to pulmonary embolism (a blood clot in the lung) or emphysema
Symptoms due to a medical illness
External and Environmental Factors
External or environmental factors that are believed to cause different types of anxiety are:
Anxiety symptoms induced from a natural calamity
Traumatic events like victimization, abuse or the demise of a dear one
Insufficient oxygen in the elevated regions
Anxiety symptoms owing to a personal relationship, friendship, marriage or divorce
Stress induced by money and finance concerns
Those who suffer from panic disorders can experience physical symptoms similar to that of GAD. They could also endure shortness of death, a sense of choking, pain in chest and dizziness. Mentioned below are signs of depression that are associated with GAD and other anxiety disorders:
Difficulty falling asleep
Getting startled easily
Tension in muscles
Frequent urge to urinate
More often than not, treatment of anxiety symptoms comprises a blend of psychotherapy, medications as well as behavioral therapy.
Psychological counseling is a most common method for treating of anxiety symptoms. This may consist of psychotherapy in addition to cognitive behavioral treatment. Cognitive behavioral treatment (CBT) aims to alter the thinking patterns of a patient so as to influence the way he/she reacts to the given situation or object that causes anxiety symptoms.
In psychotherapy, a psychiatrist or a skilled mental health specialist gives counseling treatment to enable the patient handle the anxiety symptoms.
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