The retina is a layer of tissue in the back of your eye that senses light and sends images to your brain. In the center of this nerve tissue is the macula. It provides the sharp, central vision needed for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Retinal problems affect this vital tissue. They can affect your vision, and some can be serious enough to cause blindness. Examples are
• Macular degeneration - a disease that destroys your sharp, central vision
• Diabetic eye disease
• Retinal detachment - a medical emergency, when the retina is pulled away from the back of the eye
• Retinoblastoma - cancer of the retina. It is most common in young children.
• Macular pucker - scar tissue on the macula
• Macular hole - a small break in the macula that usually happens to people over 60
• Floaters - cobwebs or specks in your field of vision
HOW IS RETINAL PROBLEMS DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologist conducts a thorough eye exam and looks for abnormalities anywhere in the eye. The following tests may be done to determine the location and extent of the disease:
Amsler grid test.
Optical coherence tomography (OCT).
Indocyanine green angiography
CT and MRI.
HOW IS RETINAL PROBLEMS TREATED?
Treatment of Retinal Problems depends on the type of disorder and the severity of symptoms. Disorders like retinal detachment require immediate treatment to prevent loss of vision.
DID YOU KNOW?
People who are diabetic are more susceptible to be affected by Retinal Problems