A Gum Surgery is recommended to correct or improve a problem with the gums that is affecting the periodontal health. The most common cause of gum disease is when excessive bacteria buildups in the mouth and creates excess plaque and the body is unable to fight the infection. In case of a gum disease, the dentist/dental surgeon will examine the gums and recommend Gum Surgery. There are different types of Gum Surgery Treatments namely pocket reduction, also known as Gingival Flap Surgery. For regeneration in this procedure, the dentist folds back the gums to remove the disease causing bacteria. In the crown lengthening procedure, the dentist removes an overgrowth of gum tissue from the teeth. He could also use the soft tissue graft wherein the dentist takes a sample tissue from elsewhere in the mouth and attaches it to the gum to replace gum tissue. Often, the dentist may recommend you to visit a periodontist, a dental specialist who treats periodontal diseases. While periodontal disease begins with bacteria present in the mouth attached to the teeth, it multiplies quickly forming a dental plaque. This, in turn, affects the gums. Periodontal treatments and procedures include non-surgical treatments, laser treatment, gum graft surgery, dental implants and plastic surgery among others. A gum surgery takes 3-4 sittings and after which, the patient needs to take utmost care of his/her teeth and keep them nice, clean and healthy.