Disc prolapsed is a condition when the external fibres of the vertebral disc are damaged or injured with ruptured nucleus pulposus that comes out of its place or is misplaced. The nucleus pulposus is a soft material which when ruptured may get into the spinal canal and can compress the spinal cord or the spinal nerves. When the external fibres of the disk become weak they lead to the rupture of the intervertebral discs. The weakening of the fibres is caused due to injuries that are reoccurring and repeative over time. The various causes of damage that happen are due to aging, heredity, work related activities, etc. In many situations, the reason could be twisting or bending in a way that adds pressure to the disc which results in rupture or weakening the fibres of the internal and external vertebrae. The only treatment for disc prolapse is surgery which is suggested by the doctors after careful diagnosis of the situation. The diagnosis is done by a general physician who will examine the condition based on history, symptoms, and a thorough physical evaluation. Many of the symptoms are similar to conditions like spondylolisthesis, degeneration, tumours, metastases and space-occupying lesions, etc. It is important for the doctor to rule out the other ailments by a thorough check up and examination of the patient. The surgery is executed by a trained doctor as an inpatient procedure with appropriate follow-ups and close monitor to check for recovery and then discharge the patient. The primary aim of the surgery is to reduce and remove the pressure on the disc.